Background and purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of normobaric oxygen (NBO) therapy on T2*-weighted images of intracranial hemorrhages (ICHs).
Methods: Two common models of ICH were performed in mice, and longitudinal T2*-weighted images of the hematomas were acquired under normoxia or NBO. The effects of NBO were also investigated on perfusion-weighted imaging, susceptibility-weighted imaging, and molecular imaging of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 after ICH. Last, we performed neurological testing, including neuroscore, actimetry, and gait analysis (Catwalk), to study the influence of NBO on neurological outcome of mice presenting ICH.
Results: Our results demonstrated that NBO, even during a short period of time, dramatically reduces the sensitivity of T2*-weighted imaging to detect ICH. Moreover, we provide evidence that the disappearance of ICH on T2*-weighted imaging could be used to improve accuracy of perfusion-weighted imaging and to allow molecular imaging after ICH. Importantly, a 30-minute NBO preparation 24 hours after ICH onset does not influence neurological outcome.
Conclusions: We provide an experimental demonstration that NBO significantly affects T2*-weighted imaging in ICH. Although this phenomenon could lead to inaccurate assessment of ICH volume, it could also be safely used to allow perfusion-weighted imaging and molecular imaging.
Keywords: behavior therapy; cerebral hemorrhage; magnetic resonance imaging; molecular imaging.