Aims: Pharmacological treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the setting of Brugada syndrome (BS) might be challenging as many antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) with sodium channel blocking properties might expose the patients to the development of ventricular arrhythmias. Moreover, patients with BS and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) might experience inappropriate shocks because of AF with rapid ventricular response. The role of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with BS and recurrent episodes of AF has not been established yet. In this study, we analysed the outcome of PVI using radiofrequency energy or cryoballoon (CB) ablation at 2 years follow-up.
Methods and results: Consecutive patients with BS having undergone PVI for drug-resistant paroxysmal AF were eligible for this study. Nine patients (three males; mean age: 52 ± 26 years) were included. Six patients (67%) had an ICD implanted of whom three had inappropriate shocks because of rapid AF. At a mean 22.1 ± 6.4 months follow-up, six patients (67%) were free of AF without AADs. None of the three patients who had experienced inappropriate ICD interventions for AF had further ICD shocks after ablation.
Conclusion: In our study PVI can be an effective and safe procedure to treat patients with BS and recurrent episodes of paroxysmal AF.
Keywords: Atrial Fibrillation; Brugada syndrome; Cryoballoon; Pulmonary vein isolation; Radiofrequency.