Effects of LED-backlit computer screen and emotional selfregulation on human melatonin production

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2013;2013:1704-7. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2013.6609847.

Abstract

Melatonin is a circadian hormone transmitted via suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) in the hypothalamus and sympathetic nervous system to the pineal gland. It is a hormone necessary to many human functions such as immune, cardiovascular, neuron and sleep/awake functions. Since melatonin enhancement or suppression is reported to be closely related to the photic information from retina, in this paper, we aim further to study both the lighting condition and the emotional self-regulation in different lighting conditions together with their effects on the production of human melatonin. In this experiment, five participants are in three light exposure conditions by LED backlit computer screen (No light, Red light (∼650nm) and Blue light (∼470nm)) for 30 minute (8-8:30pm), then they are collected saliva both before and after the experiments. After the experiment, the participants are also asked to answer the emotional self-regulation questionnaire of PANAS and BRUMS regarding each light exposure condition. These results show that positive mood mean difference of PANAS between no light and red light is significant with p=0.001. Tension, depression, fatigue, confusion and vigor from BRUMS are not significantly changed while we can observe the significant change in anger mood. Finally, we can also report that the blue light of LED-backlit computer screen significantly suppress melatonin production (91%) more than red light (78%) and no light (44%).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Color
  • Computers*
  • Electronics*
  • Emotions*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Light*
  • Lighting*
  • Male
  • Melatonin / analysis
  • Melatonin / biosynthesis*
  • Saliva / chemistry
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Melatonin