Exploring HIV-testing intentions in young Asian/Pacific Islander (API) women as it relates to acculturation, theory of gender and power (TGP), and the AIDS risk reduction model (ARRM)

AIDS Care. 2014;26(5):642-7. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2013.841836. Epub 2013 Oct 10.

Abstract

While HIV rates are low for Asian/Pacific Islanders (APIs), they have been increasing, especially for API women in the USA. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 299 young API women (18-24 years old) in the Inland Empire region of Southern California to better understand their intention for HIV testing and their perceptions about HIV/AIDS. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, bivariate exploration for model building and multivariate analyses to determine variables associated with HIV-testing intentions. Results suggest that more lifetime sexual partners, greater perceived gender susceptibility, higher HIV/AIDS knowledge, sexually active, more positive attitudes about HIV testing and higher self-perceptions/experiences related to risk contribute to stronger intentions for HIV testing in young API women. Findings from this study will contribute to the limited literature on HIV/AIDS in API women and provide information that can be used for developing and implementing culturally appropriate programs that encourage HIV prevention and testing in this population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acculturation*
  • Adolescent
  • Asian Americans*
  • California
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections / ethnology
  • HIV Infections / psychology*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Intention
  • Mass Screening
  • Oceanic Ancestry Group*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / psychology*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Power, Psychological
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Self Concept
  • Sexual Behavior / ethnology
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology*
  • Young Adult