alpha-Fetoprotein specimens were prepared from the sera of four patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The lentil lectin-reactive and lectin-nonreactive variants of this glycoprotein were also prepared from the serum of one of the four patients by affinity chromatography with immobilized lectin. The correlation between the carbohydrate structure of these compounds and their reactivity in crossed immuno-affinoelectrophoresis with lentil lectin was studied by chemical analysis and affinity chromatography of the glycopeptides with lectin columns. It was found that the lentil lectin-reactive variant contained a carbohydrate chain of the fucosylated biantennary complex type. These data together with previous findings indicate that most of the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma have an elevated serum concentration of fucosylated alpha-fetoprotein.