Aims: To assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) and glucodynamics (GD) of LY2605541 in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: This parallel-group, open-label, dose-escalation study examined the PK and GD of basal insulin LY2605541 after single and multiple-dose administration. Fixed doses of LY2605541 (0.33-1.00 U/kg) were given once-daily (QD) for 14 days to insulin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes. A 24-h euglycaemic glucose clamp was conducted on days 1 and 14.
Results: PK steady state was achieved within 7-10 days and the peak-to-trough fluctuation was <2, translating to a nearly 'peakless' glucose infusion rate at steady state and with a duration of action of at least 24 h. Across dose levels t1/2 ranged from 44.7 to 75.5 h (~2-3 days). As steady state was achieved, there were dose-dependent reductions in the prandial insulin dose and in fasting blood glucose, which decreased to 60-100 mg/dl across dose levels. Within-patient variability was <14 and <26% for the area under the concentration versus time curve (AUC) of the 8-point blood glucose profile and fasting blood glucose, respectively. The nocturnal glucose control between 03:00 and 09:00 hours was relatively unchanged. Mild hypoglycaemia was the most common adverse event.
Conclusions: In this Phase I study of fixed LY2605541 doses without titration, LY2605541 was well-tolerated and demonstrated a flat PK and GD profile accompanied by glucose normalization, prandial insulin dose reduction and no severe hypoglycaemia.
Keywords: insulin analogues; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; type 2 diabetes.
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.