Human rhinoviruses and enteroviruses in influenza-like illness in Latin America

Virol J. 2013 Oct 11;10:305. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-10-305.

Abstract

Background: Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) belong to the Picornaviridae family with high similarity to human enteroviruses (HEVs). Limited data is available from Latin America regarding the clinical presentation and strains of these viruses in respiratory disease.

Methods: We collected nasopharyngeal swabs at clinics located in eight Latin American countries from 3,375 subjects aged 25 years or younger who presented with influenza-like illness.

Results: Our subjects had a median age of 3 years and a 1.2:1.0 male:female ratio. HRV was identified in 16% and HEV was identified in 3%. HRVs accounted for a higher frequency of isolates in those of younger age, in particular children < 1 years old. HRV-C accounted for 38% of all HRVs detected. Phylogenetic analysis revealed a high proportion of recombinant strains between HRV-A/HRV-C and between HEV-A/HEV-B. In addition, both EV-D68 and EV-A71 were identified.

Conclusions: In Latin America as in other regions, HRVs and HEVs account for a substantial proportion of respiratory viruses identified in young people with ILI, a finding that provides additional support for the development of pharmaceuticals and vaccines targeting these pathogens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Enterovirus / classification
  • Enterovirus / genetics
  • Enterovirus / isolation & purification*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Latin America / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nasopharynx / virology
  • Picornaviridae Infections / epidemiology*
  • Picornaviridae Infections / virology*
  • Prevalence
  • RNA, Viral / genetics
  • Rhinovirus / classification
  • Rhinovirus / genetics
  • Rhinovirus / isolation & purification*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • RNA, Viral

Associated data

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