ERBB4 mutations that disrupt the neuregulin-ErbB4 pathway cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 19

Am J Hum Genet. 2013 Nov 7;93(5):900-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2013.09.008. Epub 2013 Oct 10.

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurological disorder characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons and typically results in death within 3-5 years from onset. Familial ALS (FALS) comprises 5%-10% of ALS cases, and the identification of genes associated with FALS is indispensable to elucidating the molecular pathogenesis. We identified a Japanese family affected by late-onset, autosomal-dominant ALS in which mutations in genes known to be associated with FALS were excluded. A whole- genome sequencing and parametric linkage analysis under the assumption of an autosomal-dominant mode of inheritance with incomplete penetrance revealed the mutation c.2780G>A (p. Arg927Gln) in ERBB4. An extensive mutational analysis revealed the same mutation in a Canadian individual with familial ALS and a de novo mutation, c.3823C>T (p. Arg1275Trp), in a Japanese simplex case. These amino acid substitutions involve amino acids highly conserved among species, are predicted as probably damaging, and are located within a tyrosine kinase domain (p. Arg927Gln) or a C-terminal domain (p. Arg1275Trp), both of which mediate essential functions of ErbB4 as a receptor tyrosine kinase. Functional analysis revealed that these mutations led to a reduced autophosphorylation of ErbB4 upon neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) stimulation. Clinical presentations of the individuals with mutations were characterized by the involvement of both upper and lower motor neurons, a lack of obvious cognitive dysfunction, and relatively slow progression. This study indicates that disruption of the neuregulin-ErbB4 pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of ALS and potentially paves the way for the development of innovative therapeutic strategies such using NRGs or their agonists to upregulate ErbB4 functions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / genetics*
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / pathology
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group / genetics
  • Canada
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics*
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism
  • Female
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Motor Neurons / metabolism
  • Motor Neurons / pathology
  • Mutation*
  • Neuregulins / genetics*
  • Neuregulins / metabolism
  • Pedigree
  • Phosphorylation
  • Receptor, ErbB-4
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Signal Transduction

Substances

  • Neuregulins
  • ERBB4 protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Receptor, ErbB-4