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. 2013 Dec;27(8):2283-8.
doi: 10.1016/j.tiv.2013.10.001. Epub 2013 Oct 9.

Effects of Artificial Sweeteners on the AhR- And GR-dependent CYP1A1 Expression in Primary Human Hepatocytes and Human Cancer Cells

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Effects of Artificial Sweeteners on the AhR- And GR-dependent CYP1A1 Expression in Primary Human Hepatocytes and Human Cancer Cells

Alzbeta Kamenickova et al. Toxicol In Vitro. .

Abstract

Food constituents may cause a phenomenon of food-drug interactions. In the current study, we examined the effects of artificial sweeteners (aspartame, acesulfame, cyclamate, saccharin) on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-dependent expression of CYP1A1 in human hepatocytes, hepatic HepG2 and intestinal LS174T cancer cell lines. Sweeteners were tested in concentrations up to those occurring in non-alcoholic beverages. Basal and ligand-inducible AhR- and GR-dependent reporter gene activation in stably transfected HepG2 and HeLa cells, respectively, were not affected by either of the sweeteners tested after 24h of incubation. The expression of CYP1A1 mRNA and protein in primary cultures of human hepatocytes and in LS174T and HepG2 cells was not induced by any of the tested sweeteners. Overall, aspartame, acesulfame, saccharin and cyclamate had no effects on CYP1A1 expression and transcriptional activities of AhR and GR. These data imply the safety of artificial sweeteners in terms of interference with AhR, GR and CYP1A1.

Keywords: 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; AhR; Artificial sweeteners; Aryl hydrocarbon Receptor; Aryl hydrocarbon receptor; CAR; Constitutive androstane receptor; Cytochrome P450; ER; Food–drug interactions; GR; Glucocorticoid receptor; LXR; PXR; RXR; TCDD; estrogen receptor; glucocorticoid receptor; liver X receptor; pregnane X receptor; retinoic X receptor.

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