Veliparib (ABT-888) is largely eliminated as parent drug in human urine (70% of the dose). Renal unbound clearance exceeds glomerular filtration rate, suggesting the involvement of transporter-mediated active secretion. Clinically relevant pharmacokinetic interactions in the kidney have been associated with OAT1, OAT3, OCT2, MATE1, and MATE2K. In the present study, interactions of veliparib with these transporters were investigated. Veliparib inhibited OAT1, OAT3, OCT2, MATE1, and MATE2K with IC50 values of 1371, 505, 3913, 69.9, and 69.5 μM, respectively. The clinical unbound maximum plasma concentration of veliparib after single oral dose of 50 mg (0.45 μM) is manyfold lower than IC50 values for OAT1, OAT3, OCT2, MATE1, or MATE2K. These results indicate a low potential for drug-drug interaction (DDI) with OAT1/3, OCT2, or MATE1/2K. Additional studies demonstrated that veliparib is a substrate of OCT2. In Oct1/Oct2 double-knockout mice, the plasma exposure of veliparib was increased by 1.5-fold, and the renal clearance was decreased by 1.8-fold as compared with wild-type mice, demonstrating that organic cation transporters contribute to the renal elimination in vivo. In summary, the in vitro transporter data for veliparib predicts minimal potential for an OAT1/3-, OCT2-, and MATE1/2K-mediated DDI given the clinical exposure after single oral dose of 50 mg.
Keywords: drug interaction; drug transport; membrane transporters; organic anion transporters; organic cation transporters; renal clearance; renal transport; veliparib.
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association.