Passive sampling coupled to ultraviolet irradiation: a useful analytical approach for studying oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon formation in bioavailable mixtures

Environ Toxicol Chem. 2014 Jan;33(1):177-81. doi: 10.1002/etc.2410. Epub 2013 Nov 15.


The authors investigated coupling passive sampling technologies with ultraviolet irradiation experiments to study polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and oxygenated PAH transformation processes in real-world bioavailable mixtures. Passive sampling device (PSD) extracts were obtained from coastal waters impacted by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and Superfund sites in Portland, Oregon, USA. Oxygenated PAHs were found in the contaminated waters with our PSDs. All mixtures were subsequently exposed to a mild dose of ultraviolet B (UVB). A reduction in PAH levels and simultaneous formation of several oxygenated PAHs were measured. Site-specific differences were observed with UVB-exposed PSD mixtures.

Keywords: Emerging contaminants; Oxy-PAH; Passive sampling; Photo-oxidation; Ultraviolet.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Environmental Monitoring / instrumentation
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Oregon
  • Oxygen / chemistry
  • Petroleum Pollution
  • Photolysis
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / analysis*
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / chemistry
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / radiation effects
  • Ultraviolet Rays*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / radiation effects


  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Oxygen