Creating technological boundaries to protect bedtime: examining work-home boundary management, psychological detachment and sleep

Stress Health. 2014 Aug;30(3):259-64. doi: 10.1002/smi.2536. Epub 2013 Oct 10.


This study examined the mechanism by which information and communication technology (ICT) use at home for work purposes may affect sleep. In this investigation, data from 315 employees were used to examine the indirect effect of ICT use at home on sleep outcomes through psychological detachment, and how boundary creation may moderate this effect. Results revealed the indirect effect of increased work-home boundary crossing on sleep (quantity, quality and consistency) through psychological detachment occurred only among individuals with low boundaries around ICT use and not among those with high boundaries. These results suggest that creating boundaries around work-relevant ICT use while at home is beneficial to sleep as a recovery process through being able to psychologically disengage from work.

Keywords: boundary crossing; psychological detachment; sleep; work-home boundary management; workplace technology.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological / physiology*
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Information Science*
  • Male
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology
  • Sleep / physiology*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Telecommunications*
  • Workplace / psychology*