Objectives: In chronic kidney disease (CKD), high FGF23 concentrations are associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), cardiovascular events, and death. The associations of FGF23 with left ventricular mass (LVM) and LVH in the general population and the influence of CKD remains uncertain.
Methods: C-terminal plasma FGF23 concentrations were measured, and LVM and LVH evaluated by echocardiogram among 2255 individuals ≥65 years in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Linear regression analysis adjusting for demographics, cardiovascular, and kidney related risk factors examined the associations of FGF23 concentrations with LVM. Analyses were stratified by CKD status and adjusted linear and logistic regression analysis explored the associations of FGF23 with LVM and LVH.
Results: Among the entire cohort, higher FGF23 concentrations were associated with greater LVM in adjusted analyses (β = 6.71 [95% CI 4.35-9.01] g per doubling of FGF23). 32% (n = 624) had CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and/or urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio >30 mg/g). Associations were stronger among participants with CKD (p interaction = 0.006): LVM β = 9.71 [95% CI 5.86-13.56] g per doubling of FGF23 compared to those without CKD (β = 3.44 [95% CI 0.77, 6.11] g per doubling of FGF23). While there was no significant interaction between FGF23 and CKD for LVH (p interaction = 0.25), the OR (1.46 95% CI [1.20-1.77]) in the CKD group was statistically significant and of larger magnitude than the OR for in the no CKD group (1.12 [95% CI 0.97-1.48]).
Conclusion: In a large cohort of older community-dwelling adults, higher FGF23 concentrations were associated with greater LVM and LVH with stronger relationships in participants with CKD.
Keywords: Cardiovascular disease; Chronic kidney disease; Fibroblast growth factor 23; Left ventricular hypertrophy; Left ventricular mass; Older adults.
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