Recent trends for practical rehabilitation robotics, current challenges and the future

Int J Rehabil Res. 2014 Mar;37(1):9-21. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000035.


This paper presents and studies various selected literature primarily from conference proceedings, journals and clinical tests of the robotic, mechatronics, neurology and biomedical engineering of rehabilitation robotic systems. The present paper focuses of three main categories: types of rehabilitation robots, key technologies with current issues and future challenges. Literature on fundamental research with some examples from commercialized robots and new robot development projects related to rehabilitation are introduced. Most of the commercialized robots presented in this paper are well known especially to robotics engineers and scholars in the robotic field, but are less known to humanities scholars. The field of rehabilitation robot research is expanding; in light of this, some of the current issues and future challenges in rehabilitation robot engineering are recalled, examined and clarified with future directions. This paper is concluded with some recommendations with respect to rehabilitation robots.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Limbs
  • Equipment Design
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Mobility Limitation
  • Patient Safety
  • Rehabilitation / instrumentation
  • Rehabilitation / trends*
  • Robotics / instrumentation
  • Robotics / trends*
  • Self-Help Devices
  • Spinal Cord Diseases / rehabilitation
  • Stroke Rehabilitation
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted / trends