Understanding the needs and concerns of senior faculty in academic medicine: building strategies to maintain this critical resource

Acad Med. 2013 Dec;88(12):1927-33. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000010.


Purpose: The average age of medical school faculty is increasing, with 30% over age 55 in 2007. In 2012, 56% of Society of Teachers of Family Medicine (STFM) members were at least 50 years old. The authors sought to identify the transition and faculty development needs of this group of senior faculty.

Method: In 2012 the authors electronically surveyed 1,708 U.S. STFM members who were 50 or older, asking about demographics, highest degree, primary employer, career options considered in the previous year, issues of concern, mentoring needs, retirement plans, and likely activities in retirement.

Results: The response rate was 45%, with 73% MD/DOs, 62% men, 89% white, and 64% employed by academic institutions. The most frequent issues of concern were balancing personal and work time (67%), maintaining health (66%), and planning for retirement (60%). Nearly a third had considered career advancement, changing employers, or reducing full-time employment. Fifty-one percent were not receiving mentoring of any kind, but 47% reported they would like to have a mentor. Sixty-four percent were planning to retire; in retirement, 75% said they would like to remain active in teaching and 55% in mentoring.

Conclusions: Senior faculty in family medicine have significant career concerns and mentoring needs as they approach retirement, and these faculty can be valuable resources after retirement. As the age of faculty continues to rise, medical schools and specialty organizations can develop specific programs to meet the needs of these medical educators and better use this expertise in a time of limited resources.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Academic Medical Centers / organization & administration*
  • Academic Medical Centers / statistics & numerical data
  • Aged
  • Career Mobility
  • Employment / statistics & numerical data
  • Faculty, Medical / organization & administration*
  • Faculty, Medical / statistics & numerical data
  • Family Practice / education*
  • Family Practice / organization & administration
  • Family Practice / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Mentors / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Needs Assessment
  • Population Dynamics
  • Retirement
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States