Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP1) is an endocytic receptor for numerous proteins that are both structurally and functionally diverse. In some cell types, LRP1-mediated endocytosis is coupled to activation of cell signaling. LRP1 also regulates the composition of the plasma membrane and may, thereby, indirectly regulate the activity of other cell-signaling receptors. Given the scope of LRP1 ligands and its multifunctional nature, it is not surprising that numerous biological activities have been attributed to this receptor. LRP1 gene deletion is embryonic-lethal in mice. However, elegant studies using Cre-LoxP recombination have helped elucidate the function of LRP1 in mature normal and pathological tissues. One major theme that has emerged is the role of LRP1 as a regulator of inflammation. In this review, we will describe evidence for LRP1 as a regulator of inflammation in atherosclerosis, cancer, and injury to the nervous system.
Copyright © 2014 American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.