Poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase activity during bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in hamsters

Exp Mol Pathol. 1985 Oct;43(2):162-76. doi: 10.1016/0014-4800(85)90037-1.


Bleomycin damages cellular DNA and is a potent inducer of pulmonary fibrosis. It has been shown to act through a superoxide-mediated mechanism. We are interested in determining the biochemical mechanisms involved in fibrosis and in this preliminary study we have examined the temporal relationship between early biochemical events associated with DNA damage and fibrosis, in lungs of hamsters after administration of 0.75 unit of bleomycin. The activities of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase, an enzyme associated with DNA repair, inducible superoxide dismutase (SOD) and prolyl hydroxylase as well as the tissue levels of NAD+ and hydroxyproline in the lung were determined. All three enzyme activities expressed as per milligram DNA or per lung, increased upon bleomycin treatment over the saline-administered controls. Lung poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase activity which is sensitive to DNA breaks, increased first (24% over control in 1 day, P less than 0.0001), attained the maximum value on the 5th day (952% over control, P less than 0.0001), and started to decline thereafter and approached near the control value on 14th day. Bleomycin treatment induced a rapid change in the level of lung NAD+. After 1 day the level of NAD+ was reduced by 42% compared to the control (P less than 0.001), further declined to 65% (P less than 0.001) on the 3rd day, and stayed at that level until the 7th day. On the 14th day, however, the NAD+ level was still lower (29%, P less than 0.05) but approaching the value in the control animals. The activity of prolyl hydroxylase showed significant increase on the 3rd day (50% over control, P less than 0.0001) after bleomycin administration. The enzyme activity continued to increase until the end of the experiment (490% of control, P less than 0.0001, on Day 14). The content of undialyzable hydroxyproline, a marker for collagen, was also increased significantly in the lung tissue on the 3rd day (30% over control, P less than 0.05), continued to increase and reached the highest level on the 14th day (71% over control, P less than 0.001). A significant increase in the activity of SOD (19% over control, P less than 0.001) was seen on the 5th day which continued to increase and attained the highest value on Day 14 (115% over control, P less than 0.0001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bleomycin
  • Collagen / biosynthesis
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Repair
  • Lung / enzymology
  • Male
  • Mesocricetus
  • NAD / metabolism
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases / metabolism*
  • Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase / metabolism
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / chemically induced
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / enzymology*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism


  • NAD
  • Bleomycin
  • Collagen
  • Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases