Simultaneous demonstration of multiple antigens by indirect immunofluorescence or immunogold staining. Novel light and electron microscopical double and triple staining method employing primary antibodies from the same species

Histochemistry. 1985;83(1):47-56. doi: 10.1007/BF00495299.


Available techniques for light and electron microscopical double immunocytochemical staining are all associated with certain problems. We have developed a novel multiple staining procedure, which allows use of antibodies of differing specificities, raised in the same species (e.g. rabbit). Its essential features include 1) saturation of antigenic epitopes on the first layer primary antiserum by second (fluorophor- or gold-) labelled anti-IgG antibodies and 2) denaturation of free anti-IgG binding sites by formaldehyde vapour treatment. Various combinations of gastrin, somatostatin, glucagon, ACTH, growth hormone and enkephalin/endorphin antibodies have been tested at the light and electron microscopical level and have been found to give highly reproducible double- and triple-staining results. The technique has also been evaluated by use of cytochemical paper models. The method is simple and very useful for multiple staining of a wide variety of antigens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies
  • Antigens / analysis*
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gold
  • Hormones / immunology
  • Immunochemistry*
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Species Specificity
  • Staining and Labeling


  • Antibodies
  • Antigens
  • Hormones
  • Gold