Background: Interleukin 13 (IL13) is a T-helper type 2 (Th2) cytokine associated with inflammation and pathology in allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma. We have shown that treatment with lebrikizumab, an anti-IL13 monoclonal antibody, significantly improves prebronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) in a subset of subjects with uncontrolled asthma.
Objective: To evaluate efficacy and safety of lebrikizumab in subjects with mild asthma who underwent bronchial allergen challenge.
Methods: Twenty-nine subjects were randomized 1 : 1-5 mg/kg lebrikizumab (n = 13) or placebo (n = 16) administered subcutaneously every 4 weeks over 12 weeks, a total of four doses. Primary efficacy outcome was late asthmatic response (LAR) at Week 13, defined as area under the curve of FEV1 measured 2-8 h following inhaled allergen challenge. Serum biomarkers were measured to verify IL13 pathway inhibition and identify patients with an increased response to lebrikizumab.
Results: At Week 13, the LAR in lebrikizumab subjects was reduced by 48% compared with placebo subjects, although this was not statistically significant (95% confidence interval, -19%, 90%). Exploratory analysis indicated that lebrikizumab-treated subjects with elevated baseline levels of peripheral blood eosinophils, serum IgE, or periostin exhibited a greater reduction in LAR compared with subjects with lower baseline levels of these biomarkers. Lebrikizumab exerted systemic effects on markers of Th2 inflammation, reducing serum immunoglobulin E (IgE), chemokine ligands 13 and 17 by approximately 25% (P < 0.01). Lebrikizumab was well tolerated.
Conclusion and clinical relevance: Lebrikizumab reduced the LAR in subjects with mild asthma. Clinical trial number NCT00781443.
Keywords: IL13; Th2 inflammation; allergen challenge; asthma; biomarkers; lebrikizumab.
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.