Cyclic GMP and acid production in isolated gastric cells of the rat

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1985 Aug;330(2):147-54. doi: 10.1007/BF00499908.


Just as cAMP is regarded as an intracellular mediator of histamine, so has cGMP been connected with cholinergic stimulation of gastric acid secretion. The object of the present investigation was to study the possible role of cellular cGMP on 14C-aminopyrine uptake, an indirect measure of parietal cell H+-production, by using mixtures of isolated rat gastric cells and fractions with different parietal cell content. Cellular cAMP and cGMP. The phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) enhanced the cAMP and cGMP of gastric cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, by 98 and 124% (1 mmol/l) and was included in all further studies. In parietal cell enriched fractions, histamine elevated cAMP by 109% (100 mumol/l) without changing cGMP while carbachol did not influence either nucleotide. Various thiols and nitrogen compounds strongly enhanced cellular cGMP, e.g. hydroxylamine and L-cysteine (1 mmol/l) by 527 and 656%, whereas changes in cAMP were minimal. The hydroxylamine response occurred in parietal cell depleted and enriched fractions. 14C-aminopyrine (AP) uptake. IBMX alone reduced the basal AP uptake, potentiated the effect of histamine, and inhibited the effect of carbachol, which alone stimulated basal accumulation by 302%. The most efficacious stimulant of parietal cell H+-production was dibutyryl cAMP (582%, 100 mumol/l), whereas dibutyryl cGMP was without effect. However, this latter compound (1 mmol/l) reduced AP accumulation due to dibutyryl cAMP almost completely. Thiols and nitrogen compounds all more or less reduced AP uptake.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine / pharmacology
  • Aminopyrine / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Bucladesine / pharmacology
  • Carbachol / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP / pharmacology
  • Cyclic GMP / physiology*
  • Dibutyryl Cyclic GMP / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Gastric Acid / metabolism*
  • Histamine / pharmacology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Nitrogen / pharmacology
  • Parietal Cells, Gastric / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds / pharmacology


  • Sulfhydryl Compounds
  • Aminopyrine
  • Dibutyryl Cyclic GMP
  • Bucladesine
  • Histamine
  • Carbachol
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Nitrogen
  • 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine