Calciphylaxis, also called calcific uremic arteriolopathy is a dreadful, life-threatening ischemic vasculopathy, primarily involving skin and subcutaneous tissue, mostly on patients with end-stage kidney disease. Calciphylaxis is a well-described, but still a poorly understood disorder of mineral metabolism. Its occurrence is rare, but increasingly reported. We describe a 62-year-old obese lady on hemodialysis for end-stage kidney disease due to type 2 diabetes, who developed two episodes of calciphylactic skin lesions during the 3 years observation. The healing of lesions in the first episode was prompted by a subtotal parathyroidectomy for severe secondary hyperparathyroidism. However, the resumption of oral calcium and vitamin D analog for the parathyroidectomy-related hypocalcemia induced another occurrence of widespread calciphylactic skin lesions in areas of great adiposity. The typical regimen of IV sodium thiosulfate brought a successful outcome to the second episode. Now, growing numbers of successful treatment for calciphylaxis are reported with more specific therapies and a clear understanding of the pathogenetic mechanism is in sight.
Keywords: Calciphylaxis; end stage kidney disease; hemodialysis; hypocalcemia; parathyroidectomy; sodium thiosulfate.
© 2013 The Authors. Hemodialysis International © 2013 International Society for Hemodialysis.