Premature loss of primary anterior teeth due to trauma--potential short- and long-term sequelae

Dent Traumatol. 2014 Apr;30(2):100-6. doi: 10.1111/edt.12081. Epub 2013 Oct 20.


Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) can result in the premature loss of primary anterior teeth due to an immediate avulsion, extraction later after the injury because of poor prognosis or late complications, or early exfoliation. There are a number of potential considerations or sequelae as a result of this premature loss that have been cited in the dental literature, which include esthetics, quality of life, eating, speech development, arch integrity (space loss), development and eruption of the permanent successors, and development of oral habits. This article provides a comprehensive review of the dental literature on the possible consequences of premature loss of maxillary primary incisors following TDI.

Keywords: avulsion; child; deciduous; dento-alveolar trauma; exarticulation; primary tooth.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Esthetics, Dental
  • Habits
  • Humans
  • Incisor / injuries*
  • Prognosis
  • Quality of Life
  • Risk Factors
  • Speech Disorders / etiology*
  • Tooth Avulsion / etiology*
  • Tooth Exfoliation / etiology*
  • Tooth Injuries / complications*
  • Tooth Migration / etiology*