Cheese consumption and prevalence of overweight and obesity in a Basque adult population: a cross-sectional study

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2014 Feb;65(1):21-7. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2013.836741. Epub 2013 Oct 21.


Studies have reported a negative association between dairy product consumption and weight status. However, not as much research has focused on cheese; therefore, the aim of this study was to study the association between cheese intake and overweight and obesity in a representative Basque adult population. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was obtained from a random sample of 1081 adults (530 males and 551 females, 17-96 years old). Cheese consumption data were expressed as g/1000 kcal/day. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was higher in men (55.1%) than in women (35.4%) (p < 0.001). Participants with low or moderate intake of fresh and processed cheese demonstrated a higher prevalence of excess weight, compared with those with higher consumption. The confounding variables selected in multivariate analysis were: occupational status and age in both genders; and place of residence in men. In conclusion, negative associations were found between consumption of some types of cheese and overweight and obesity in this population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cheese* / adverse effects
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet / adverse effects*
  • Diet / ethnology
  • Female
  • Food, Preserved / adverse effects
  • Functional Food* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Obesity / ethnology
  • Obesity / etiology
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Overweight / epidemiology*
  • Overweight / ethnology
  • Overweight / etiology
  • Overweight / prevention & control
  • Prevalence
  • Sex Factors
  • Spain / epidemiology
  • Young Adult