Application of anterior segment optical coherence tomography in glaucoma

Surv Ophthalmol. 2014 May-Jun;59(3):311-27. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2013.06.005. Epub 2013 Oct 15.


Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a cross-sectional, three-dimensional, high-resolution imaging modality that uses low coherence interferometry to achieve axial resolution in the range of 3-20 μm. Two OCT platforms have been developed: time domain (TD-OCT) and spectral (or Fourier) domain (SD/FD-OCT). Visante anterior segment OCT (Carl Zeiss Meditec) is a TD-OCT widely used for anterior segment imaging. The SD-OCT systems with both posterior and anterior segment imaging capabilities include the RTVue, iVue (Optovue), the Cirrus (Carl Zeiss Meditec), and the Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering, Inc.). Each of the SD-OCTs has a wavelength in the range of 820-879 nm. Anterior segment OCT is a non-contact method providing high resolution tomographic cross-sectional imaging of anterior segment structures. Anterior segment OCT provides qualitative and quantitative assessment of the anterior segment structures important to the pathogenesis and the anatomical variations of glaucoma, and the approach to and success of treatment. We summarize the clinical applications of anterior segment OCT in glaucoma.

Keywords: biometry; glaucoma drainage devices; interferometry; optical coherence tomography; quantitative assessment; resolution; secondary glaucoma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anterior Eye Segment / pathology*
  • Biometry / methods
  • Fourier Analysis
  • Glaucoma Drainage Implants
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / diagnosis*
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Time Factors
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods*