Golden-angle radial sparse parallel MRI: combination of compressed sensing, parallel imaging, and golden-angle radial sampling for fast and flexible dynamic volumetric MRI

Magn Reson Med. 2014 Sep;72(3):707-17. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24980. Epub 2013 Oct 18.


Purpose: To develop a fast and flexible free-breathing dynamic volumetric MRI technique, iterative Golden-angle RAdial Sparse Parallel MRI (iGRASP), that combines compressed sensing, parallel imaging, and golden-angle radial sampling.

Methods: Radial k-space data are acquired continuously using the golden-angle scheme and sorted into time series by grouping an arbitrary number of consecutive spokes into temporal frames. An iterative reconstruction procedure is then performed on the undersampled time series where joint multicoil sparsity is enforced by applying a total-variation constraint along the temporal dimension. Required coil-sensitivity profiles are obtained from the time-averaged data.

Results: iGRASP achieved higher acceleration capability than either parallel imaging or coil-by-coil compressed sensing alone. It enabled dynamic volumetric imaging with high spatial and temporal resolution for various clinical applications, including free-breathing dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging in the abdomen of both adult and pediatric patients, and in the breast and neck of adult patients.

Conclusion: The high performance and flexibility provided by iGRASP can improve clinical studies that require robustness to motion and simultaneous high spatial and temporal resolution. Magn Reson Med 72:707-717, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywords: compressed sensing; dynamic imaging; golden-angle; joint sparsity; parallel imaging; radial sampling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen
  • Adult
  • Breast Diseases / diagnosis
  • Child, Preschool
  • Contrast Media
  • Data Compression / methods
  • Female
  • Gadolinium DTPA
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods
  • Liver Diseases / diagnosis
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tuberous Sclerosis / diagnosis


  • Contrast Media
  • Gadolinium DTPA