Pathology of the parathyroid glands in hyperparathyroidism

Semin Diagn Pathol. 2013 Aug;30(3):165-77. doi: 10.1053/j.semdp.2013.06.003.


This paper reviews the embryology, histology and pathology of the human parathyroid glands. It emphasizes those pathologic lesions which are found in the setting of clinical hyperparathyroidism. Also discussed are certain molecular features of hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands. The difficulties encountered in parathyroid FNA are reviewed and illustrated.

Keywords: Hyperparathyroidism; Parathyroid; Parathyroid FNA; Parathyroid carcinoma; Parathyromatosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism / pathology*
  • Parathyroid Glands / pathology*