Purpose: To compare the axial length elongation and change in refractive errors in a pair of identical twins wearing orthokeratology (ortho-k) and single vision lenses (SVLs), respectively.
Case report: Identical Twin A and B, who were 8 years of age, with the same amount of near activities, were assigned to wear ortho-k and SVLs randomly and they were monitored for two years for myopic progression. Twin A and B were assigned to wear ortho-k and SVLs, respectively. Myopic progression was evaluated by the change in axial length and in refractive errors. A faster axial length elongation was observed in each eye of Twin B during the two-year study period. The overall change in axial length was 0.52mm (OD) and 0.70 (OS) in Twin A and 0.77mm (OD) and 0.82mm (OS) in Twin B. In terms of cycloplegic refractive errors (SER), one month after ceasing lens wear (after completion of the two-year study), the increase (from baseline) were 11% (OD) and 48% (OS) in Twin A and 87% (OD) and 67% (OS) in Twin B.
Conclusions: Ortho-k is more effective in controlling myopic progression in terms of axial elongation than wearing SVLs in this pair of identical twins.
Keywords: Axial length; Myopic control; Orthokeratology; Refractive errors; Twins.
Copyright © 2013 British Contact Lens Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.