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. 2013 Dec 12;150(3):1007-15.
doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2013.09.056. Epub 2013 Oct 18.

Lysimachia Clethroides Duby Extract Attenuates Inflammatory Response in Raw 264.7 Macrophages Stimulated With Lipopolysaccharide and in Acute Lung Injury Mouse Model

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Lysimachia Clethroides Duby Extract Attenuates Inflammatory Response in Raw 264.7 Macrophages Stimulated With Lipopolysaccharide and in Acute Lung Injury Mouse Model

Do-Wan Shim et al. J Ethnopharmacol. .

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Lysimachia clethroides Duby (LC) is a traditional medicinal herb used to treat edema, hepatitis and inflammatory diseases in China and other Asian countries. In this study, the anti-inflammatory effects of LC extract and the mechanisms underlying were explored in both in vitro cell lines and acute lung injury (ALI) animal model of inflammation in vivo.

Materials and methods: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Raw 264.7 murine macrophages were used to study the regulatory effects of LC extract on inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokine expression. Western blotting or ELISA techniques were employed to estimate protein levels. RT-PCR was used for analyzing the interferon (IFN)-β production. LPS-induced ALI mouse model in vivo was employed to study the effect of LC extract. Further high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprinting technique was used to evaluate the active constituents present in LC extract, compared with reference standards.

Results: Pre-treatment with LC extract inhibited the LPS-stimulated NO release, interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 production in Raw 264.7 cells dose dependently. LC extract inhibited the LPS-stimulated IRF3 and STAT1 phosphorylation. Further, in vivo experiments revealed that LC extract suppressed the infiltration of immune cells into the lung and proinflammatory cytokine production in broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in the LPS-induced ALI mouse model.

Conclusions: Our results indicate that LC extract attenuates LPS-stimulated inflammatory responses in macrophages via regulating the key inflammatory mechanisms, providing a scientific support for its traditional use in treating various inflammatory diseases.

Keywords: Acute lung injury; Inflammation; Interleukin; Lipopolysaccharide; Lysimachia clethroides; TRIF.

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