[Motivation and sociology of blood donors in Tunisia: reality and perspectives]

Transfus Clin Biol. 2013 Dec;20(5-6):469-75. doi: 10.1016/j.tracli.2013.07.001. Epub 2013 Oct 18.
[Article in French]

Abstract

In Tunisia, blood donation is voluntary, anonymous and non-remunerated. The aim of the study is to analyze donor motivation and sociology in the regional center of transfusion of Sfax. Between 14 May 2007 and 23 June 2007, a total of 903 Tunisian blood donors filled a questionnaire. Among the donors, 81.8% were men and have a mean age of 34.2 years and the majority of them have an age between 18 and 29 years. The middle social class was majority (77.8%) as well as the liberal profession (65.1%). Primary and secondary education were dominant (79.3%). Among the blood donors, 41.6% were new donors and 28.6% had a history of a single donation, 50.3% were voluntary and 49.7% replacement donors. The reasons motivating the voluntary donation were solidarity (69.9%), religion (21.2%), health benefit (3.6%) and insurance for the family (5.2%). The replacement donors refuse the voluntary donation for not obvious reasons (51%), lack of availability (13.3%), difficulties of accessibility of the sites of collection (7.6%), phobia of the blood and the stings (4.02%) or by refusal of blood donation (1.79%). The information and the raising awareness of the replacement donors could change in a near future their attitudes to become voluntary and regular donors. The implication of donor associations in the organization of the collections and the promotion of the blood donation would be of considerable contribution.

Keywords: Blood donation; Blood donor; Don de sang; Donneur familial; Donneurs de sang; Motivation; Replacement donor; Volontaire; Voluntary.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Altruism
  • Blood Donors / psychology*
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Occupations
  • Religion
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tunisia
  • Young Adult