Purpose: No strong evidence of efficacy currently exists for different intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) scoring system in predicting the prognosis of ICH in the Chinese population. This study aimed to test the accuracy of the ICH score and the ICH grading scale (ICH-GS) score in predicting the favorable prognosis in a large cohort of ICH patients in China.
Methods: This study was a multicenter, prospective cohort study. Patients diagnosed with ICH between September 2007 and August 2008 from the nationwide China National Stroke Registry (CNSR) database were screened and enrolled in this study. Demographics of the patients, treatments, mortality as well as the clinic and radiologic findings of ICH were collected. An ICH score and an ICH-GS score were evaluated for all the patients at admission. Follow-ups were conducted by phone at 3, 6 and 12 months after ICH onset. The modified Rankin scale (mRS) score was used to evaluate favorable functional outcome and was obtained at hospital discharge and during the 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-up visits.
Results: There were 410 (12.6%) in-hospital mortality out of a total of 3,255 ICH patients. The values of the Area Under Curve (AUC)at discharge, 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-up for ICH score were 0.72, 0.76, 0.76 and 0.75, respectively; while the numbers for the ICH-GS score were 0.71, 0.77, 0.78 and 0.78, respectively. At 6-month and 12-month follow-up, the ICH-GS score presented a significant better value in predicting favorable prognosis than did the ICH score (P=0.0003 and <0.0001, respectively).
Conclusion: Both the ICH and ICH-GS scores were effective inaccurately predicting the favorable functional outcome of ICH in the Chinese population. For mid-term and long-term prediction, the ICH-GS score was superior over the ICH score.