Background: Numerous studies have compared coronary CT angiography (CTA) with quantitative coronary angiography. However, the ability of coronary CTA to identify atherosclerosis and to accurately measure plaque and coronary area and volume measurements as compared with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has not been fully defined.
Objective: We sought to assess the ability of coronary CTA to quantify coronary and plaque measurements commonly performed with IVUS.
Methods: We searched multiple databases for diagnostic studies that directly compared coronary CTA and IVUS for coronary plaque detection, vessel luminal area, percentage of area stenosis, plaque area, and plaque volume. We used a bivariate mixed-effects binomial regression model to pool test sensitivity and specificity for detection of any coronary plaque.
Results: Forty-two studies that evaluated 1360 patients (75% men; mean age, 59 years) were identified. No significant difference was found between coronary CTA and IVUS measurements of vessel lumen cross-sectional area, plaque area, percentage of area stenosis, or plaque volume within the overall cohort and no difference for the measurement of cross-sectional area (n = 5 studies) and plaque volume (n = 8 studies) among a subgroup that used automated or semiautomated measurement techniques. Sensitivity and specificity of coronary CTA to detect any plaque compared with IVUS were 93% and 92%, respectively, with an area under the receiver-operating curve of 0.97.
Conclusions: Compared with IVUS, coronary CTA appears to be highly accurate for estimation of luminal area, percentage of area stenosis, plaque volume, and plaque area and for detection of plaque. The use of automated vessel and stenosis measurements appears promising in limited studies to date.
Keywords: Coronary computed tomography angiography; Intravascular ultrasound; Meta-analysis; Plaque detection; Plaque quantification.
Published by Elsevier Inc.