[Tinea barbae profunda by Arthroderma benhamiae. A diagnostic challenge]

Hautarzt. 2013 Oct;64(10):720-2. doi: 10.1007/s00105-013-2646-6.
[Article in German]

Abstract

Dermatomycoses due to pets and farm animals are often a clinical and diagnostic challenge for dermatologists. A 24-year-old man presented with inflammatory skin changes on his cheeks and chin. Because of negative fungal culture and the clinical appearance of a highly inflammatory process, our first diagnosis was a bacterial pyoderma. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identified Arthroderma benhamiae in both the patient and his guinea pig. A. benhamiae is a zoophilic dermatophyte which belongs to the Trichophyton mentagrophytes-complex. The fungus is acquired from guinea pigs and causes highly inflammatory forms of tinea. PCR-based diagnostics are quick and simple tools to identify this pathogen, so that suitable antimycotic therapy can be initiated quickly.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arthrodermataceae / isolation & purification*
  • Dermatomycoses / diagnosis*
  • Dermatomycoses / microbiology
  • Dermatomycoses / veterinary*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Facial Dermatoses / diagnosis*
  • Facial Dermatoses / microbiology
  • Facial Dermatoses / veterinary
  • Guinea Pigs / microbiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult