Selectivity analysis of single binder assays used in plasma protein profiling

Proteomics. 2013 Dec;13(23-24):3406-10. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201300030. Epub 2013 Nov 18.


The increasing availability of antibodies toward human proteins enables broad explorations of the proteomic landscape in cells, tissues, and body fluids. This includes assays with antibody suspension bead arrays that generate protein profiles of plasma samples by flow cytometer analysis. However, antibody selectivity is context dependent so it is necessary to corroborate on-target detection over off-target binding. To address this, we describe a concept to directly verify interactions from antibody-coupled beads by analysis of their eluates by Western blots and MS. We demonstrate selective antibody binding in complex samples with antibodies toward a set of chosen proteins with different abundance in plasma and serum, and illustrate the need to adjust sample and bead concentrations accordingly. The presented approach will serve as an important tool for resolving differential protein profiles from antibody arrays within plasma biomarker discoveries.

Keywords: Antibodies; Plasma profiling; Protein arrays; Suspension bead arrays; Verification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute-Phase Proteins
  • Antibodies, Immobilized / chemistry*
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Blood Proteins / metabolism*
  • Chemokines, CC / blood
  • Databases, Protein
  • Humans
  • Lipocalin-2
  • Lipocalins / blood
  • Proteomics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / blood


  • Acute-Phase Proteins
  • Antibodies, Immobilized
  • Blood Proteins
  • CCL16 protein, human
  • Chemokines, CC
  • LCN2 protein, human
  • Lipocalin-2
  • Lipocalins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins