Prescription sleep aid use among adults: United States, 2005-2010

NCHS Data Brief. 2013 Aug;(127):1-8.

Abstract

Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2010. About 4% of U.S. adults aged 20 and over used prescription sleep aids in the past month. The percentage of adults using a prescription sleep aid increased with age and education. More adult women (5.0%) used prescription sleep aids than adult men (3.1%). Non-Hispanic white adults were more likely to use sleep aids (4.7%) than non-Hispanic black (2.5%) and Mexican-American (2.0%) adults. Prescription sleep aid use varied by sleep duration and was highest among adults who sleep less than 5 hours (6.0%) or sleep 9 or more hours (5.3%). One in six adults with a diagnosed sleep disorder and one in eight adults with trouble sleeping reported using sleep aids.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Mexican Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Prescription Drugs / therapeutic use
  • Sex Distribution
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / drug therapy*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / epidemiology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / ethnology
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Whites / statistics & numerical data
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Prescription Drugs