Cerebellitis and acute obstructive hydrocephalus associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 May;33(5):529-32. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000140.


Mycoplasma pneumoniae is associated with a variety of extrapulmonary manifestations, including central nervous system inflammation. A 9-year-old boy presented with acute cerebellitis and M. pneumoniae infection, resulting in obstructive hydrocephalus requiring neurosurgical intervention. This case, along with 4 similar ones reported in the literature, suggests a distinct clinicopathologic sequence caused by mycoplasma infection.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Encephalitis / complications*
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / diagnosis*
  • Hydrocephalus / etiology
  • Hydrocephalus / pathology*
  • Hydrocephalus / surgery
  • Male
  • Mycoplasma Infections / complications*
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae / isolation & purification*