Hydrogen as a new class of radioprotective agent

Int J Biol Sci. 2013 Sep 14;9(9):887-94. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.7220. eCollection 2013.

Abstract

It is well known that most of the ionizing radiation-induced damage is caused by hydroxyl radicals (·OH) follows radiolysis of H2O. Molecular hydrogen (H2) has antioxidant activities by selectively reducing ·OH and peroxynitrite(ONOO-). We firstly hypothesized and demonstrated the radioprotective effect of H2 in vitro and in vivo, which was also repeated on different experimental animal models by different departments. A randomized, placebo-controlled study showed that consumption of hydrogen-rich water reduces the biological reaction to radiation-induced oxidative stress without compromising anti-tumor effects. These encouraging results suggested that H2 represents a potentially novel preventative strategy for radiation-induced oxidative injuries. H2 is explosive. Therefore, administration of hydrogen-rich solution (physiological saline/pure water/other solutions saturated with H2) may be more practical in daily life and more suitable for daily consumption. This review focuses on major scientific and clinical advances of hydrogen-rich solution/H2 as a new class of radioprotective agent.

Keywords: Hydrogen; free radical; radiation; radioprotection..

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cell-Free System / drug effects
  • Cell-Free System / radiation effects
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen / chemistry
  • Hydrogen / pharmacology*
  • Hydroxyl Radical / chemistry
  • Hydroxyl Radical / toxicity
  • Male
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Oxidative Stress / radiation effects
  • Radiation Injuries, Experimental / drug therapy
  • Radiation, Ionizing
  • Radiation-Protective Agents / pharmacology*
  • Rats

Substances

  • Radiation-Protective Agents
  • Hydroxyl Radical
  • Hydrogen