Factors associated with facility-based delivery in Mayoyao, Ifugao Province, Philippines

Asia Pac Fam Med. 2013 Oct 24;12(1):5. doi: 10.1186/1447-056X-12-5.


Background: The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in the Philippines is higher than in most other Southeast Asian countries, and home delivery is a major factor contributing to the high MMR. This study aims to explore the determinants for choice of delivery location in Ifugao Province, where people have poor access to health services.

Findings: A household interview survey using a structured questionnaire was conducted to identify the factors associated with delivery location among 354 women. In all, 44.4% of the respondents delivered at a health facility. Using logistic regression analysis, parity (odds ratio [OR] 3.0, 95% confidence interval [C.I.] 1.6-5.6), higher education (OR 5.9, 95% C.I. 2.7-12.9), distance to a health facility (OR 6.9, 95% C.I. 3.4-14.2), health problems identified at antenatal care (OR 2.4, 95% C.I. 1.3-4.6), and the person deciding on the delivery location (e.g., for the husband OR 3.2, 95% C.I. 1.1-9.4) were found to be statistically associated with facility-based delivery.

Conclusion: Involving the husband and other people in the decision regarding delivery location may influence a woman's choice to use facility-based delivery services. Our findings have useful implications for improving the existing Safe Motherhood program in the Philippines.