Enhanced efficacy of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer: results from a phase 3 randomized trial (AMC0101)

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2014 Jan;73(1):139-49. doi: 10.1007/s00280-013-2332-5. Epub 2013 Oct 27.


Purpose: To improve the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy with mitomycin-C and fluoropyrimidine (Mf) in gastric cancer, we designed a new regimen (iceMFP) and investigated in a phase III study.

Methods: We randomly assigned 640 patients with resectable and macroscopically recognizable serosa-invading gastric cancer to Mf or iceMFP group during operation. The Mf consisted of intravenous mitomycin-C (20 mg/m(2)) at 3-6 weeks after surgery and oral doxifluridine (460-600 mg/m(2)/day) starting 4 weeks after the administration of mitomycin-C and continuing for 3 months. The iceMFP consisted of intraoperative intraperitoneal cisplatin (100 mg), intravenous mitomycin-C (15 mg/m(2)) on postoperative day 1, followed by oral doxifluridine for 12 months, and six monthly intravenous cisplatin (60 mg/m(2)). The primary endpoint was 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS).

Results: A total of 521 patients (258 in Mf, 263 in iceMFP) were eligible for analysis after excluding patients with stage I disease, distant metastasis, or R1 resection. With a median follow-up of 3.5 years, the iceMFP group had a higher RFS (hazard ratio [HR] 0.70; 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.54-0.90; p = 0.006; 3-year RFS 60 % vs. 50 %) and overall survival (HR 0.71; 95 % CI 0.53-0.95; p = 0.02; 3-year overall survival, 71 vs. 60 %) compared with the Mf group. This was confirmed at extension analysis after a median 6.6 years of follow-up. Both regimens were well tolerated with no differences in surgical complications.

Conclusion: The efficacy of adjuvant Mf was significantly improved by the additional therapeutic strategies of iceMFP. Considering negative results of AMC0201, these suggest that early initiation of chemotherapy and/or intraperitoneal cisplatin played a distinct role in the improved efficacy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Cisplatin / administration & dosage
  • Female
  • Floxuridine / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitomycin / administration & dosage
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / mortality
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery


  • Floxuridine
  • Mitomycin
  • Cisplatin
  • doxifluridine