Background: The Analgesia Nociception Index has been described to reflect different levels of intraoperative nociceptive stimulation during total intravenous anaesthesia. The association between this index and haemodynamic changes during sevoflurane-based anaesthesia was investigated in 30 patients with the hypothesis that changes in the Analgesia Nociception Index may coincide with or even predict haemodynamic changes.
Methods: The Analgesia Nociception Index as well as blood pressure and heart rate were observed during induction, at skin incision, at times of an Analgesia Noceception Index decrease > 20% ('event') and pre-/post-fentanyl administration.
Results: The Analgesia Nociception Index decreased with airway manipulation [mean: 52 (before) vs. 33 (after); P < 0.005] and after skin incision [mean: 63 (before) vs. 38 (after); P < 0.001], and it increased after fentanyl administration [53 (before) vs. 59 (after); P < 0.05]. However, its predictive probability to indicate heart rate and blood pressure increases of >10% was low (heart rate 0.61; blood pressure 0.59).
Conclusions: The Analgesia Nociception Index appears to reflect different levels of stimulation during sevoflurane-based general anaesthesia. However, it was of little predictive value to pre-empt significant haemodynamic changes.
© 2013 The Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.