To detect QTLs controlling traits of agronomic importance in rice, two elite homozygous lines 9024 and LH422, which represent the indica and japonica subspecies of rice (Oryza sativa), were crossed. Subsequently a modified single-seed-descent procedure was employed to produce 194 recombinant inbred lines (F8). The 194 lines were genotyped at 141 RFLP marker loci and evaluated in a field trial for 13 quantitative traits including grain yield. Transgressive segregants were observed for all traits examined. The number of significant QTLs (LOD [Symbol: see text] 2.0) detected affecting each trait ranged from one to six. The percentage of phenotypic variance explained by each QTL ranged from 5.1% to 73.7%. For those traits for which two or more QTLs were detected, increases in the traits were conditioned by indica alleles at some QTLs Japonica alleles at others. No significant evidence was found for epistasis between markers associated with QTLs and all the other markers. Pleitropic effects of single QTLs on different traits are suggested by the observation of clustering of QTLs. No QTL for traits was found to map to the vicinity of major gene loci governing the same traits qualitatively. Evidence for putative orthologous QTLs across rice, maize, oat, and barley is discussed.