R6 and R7 alleles of potato conferring race-specific resistance to Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary identified genetic loci clustering with the R3 locus on chromosome XI

Theor Appl Genet. 1996 May;92(7):880-4. doi: 10.1007/BF00221901.

Abstract

In potato, 11 resistance alleles (R1-R11) are known which confer race-specific resistance to the fungus Phytophthora infestans. R1 has been mapped previously to potato chromosome V and R3 to chromosome XI. Here we report on the localization of the R6 and R7 alleles on the genetic map of potato. Differential resistant strains of tetraploid Solanum tuberosum, clones MaR6 and MaR7, were used as parental plants for the parthenogenetic induction and selection of diploid genotypes containing the R6 or the R7 resistance allele to P. infestans. One resistant dihaploid from MaR7 could be used directly as a parent to produce diploid F1 progeny suitable for phenotypic and RFLP analysis. MaR6 did not produce useful dihaploids directly. After crossing MaR6 with a tetraploid susceptible genotype, resistant F1 clones were selected. The resistant genotypes were then used as parents for the induction of dihaploids. Six dihaploids bearing R6 were identified that could be crossed with a diploid susceptible genotype. Two diploid F1 populations, segregating for R6 and R7, respectively, were analysed with RFLP markers known to be linked with previously identified R genes. Markers linked with R3 were found also to be linked with R6 and R7. The resistance alleles R6 and R7 mapped to a similar distal position on chromosome XI as the R3 allele.