The Myc-miR-17-92 axis amplifies B-cell receptor signaling via inhibition of ITIM proteins: a novel lymphomagenic feed-forward loop

Blood. 2013 Dec 19;122(26):4220-9. doi: 10.1182/blood-2012-12-473090. Epub 2013 Oct 29.

Abstract

The c-Myc oncoprotein regulates >15% of the human transcriptome and a limited number of microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, we establish that in a human B-lymphoid cell line, Myc-repressed, but not Myc-stimulated, genes are significantly enriched for predicted binding sites of Myc-regulated miRNAs, primarily those comprising the Myc-activated miR-17~92 cluster. Notably, gene set enrichment analysis demonstrates that miR-17∼92 is a major regulator of B-cell receptor (BCR) pathway components. Many of them are immunoreceptor tyrosine inhibitory motif (ITIM)-containing proteins, and ITIM proteins CD22 and FCGR2B were found to be direct targets of miR-17∼92. Consistent with the propensity of ITIM proteins to recruit phosphatases, either MYC or miR-17~92 expression was necessary to sustain phosphorylation of spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) and the B-cell linker protein (BLNK) upon ligation of the BCR. Further downstream, stimulation of the BCR response by miR-17-92 resulted in the enhanced calcium flux and elevated levels of Myc itself. Notably, inhibition of the miR-17~92 cluster in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cell lines diminished the BCR response as measured by SYK and BLNK phosphorylation. Conversely, human DLBCLs of the BCR subtype express higher Myc and mir17hg transcript levels than other subtypes. Hence, the Myc-miR-17-92-BCR axis, frequently affected by genomic rearrangements, constitutes a novel lymphomagenic feed-forward loop.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism*
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cell Line
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism
  • Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / genetics
  • Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / metabolism*
  • Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Fc / genetics
  • Receptors, Fc / metabolism*
  • Receptors, IgG / genetics
  • Receptors, IgG / metabolism*
  • Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2 / genetics
  • Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2 / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Syk Kinase

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • B cell linker protein
  • BANK1 protein, human
  • CD22 protein, human
  • FCGR2B protein, human
  • FCRL4 protein, human
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • MIR17HG, human
  • MYC protein, human
  • Membrane Proteins
  • MicroRNAs
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • Receptors, Fc
  • Receptors, IgG
  • Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • SYK protein, human
  • Syk Kinase
  • Calcium