Rampant caries and periodontal diseases occur in patients treated with antidepressants such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs; e.g., Prozac) which target the serotonin transporter (SERT). As the serotonin 2B receptor (5HT2BR) regulates SERT functionality and capacity to recognize SRIs, we investigated the potential role of 5HT2BR on dental tissues by exploiting 5HT2BR knockout (KO) mice. Compared to wild-type (WT) mice, several structural differences were identified in the teeth of KO mice. In the molar of KO mice, rod curvatures and twisting were altered compared to WT mice, suggesting involvement of 5HT2BR at early stages of enamel formation. The volume of the KO enamel layer was also reduced, and larger porosities were observed in the prismatic enamel, with smaller crystallite thickness. Crystallite pattern disorganization and occlusal abrasion were enhanced in female KO mice, indicating a sexual dimorphism. In the incisor, no difference was detected in the width of the enamel layer between KO and WT mice; however, enamel maturation differed in absence of 5HT2BR. Specifically, the outer aprismatic enamel border was 1.5- to 2-fold larger in KO compared to WT mice, together with a decreased etching pattern. Finally, although no noticeable difference was observed in dentin, the micro-CT three-dimensional pulp reconstruction evidenced a decrease in both length and width of dentin formation in the root canals of the KO versus WT mice. These data provide evidence that 5HT2BR-mediated signaling pathways are involved in enamel formation and dentinogenesis.