Introduction: X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT1X) disease is caused by mutations in the GJB1 gene. We describe a young man who presented with recurrent central nervous symptoms and transient white matter changes in the setting of a novel mutation in the GJB1 gene.
Methods: Evaluation included clinical examination, neuroimaging, electrophysiological, and molecular genetic studies.
Results: Clinical examination on 2 admissions 5 years apart demonstrated hemiparesis with findings of underlying peripheral neuropathy. Electrophysiologic studies revealed a sensorimotor polyneuropathy. MRI studies from both admissions revealed white matter changes, with improvement on an intervening study. Mutation analysis showed a novel mutation (c.98T>A; p.Ile33Asn) in the GJB1 gene.
Conclusions: Mutations in GJB1 can result in recurrent central nervous system symptoms with transient white matter signal changes on MRI. In patients presenting with hemiparesis, the presence of signs of a peripheral neuropathy may facilitate identification of CMT1X, and is likely to affect clinical management.
Keywords: GJB1 gene; MRI; Marie; Tooth disease; X-linked Charcot; connexin 32; hereditary motor and sensory polyneuropathy.
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