Purpose: To develop a group visit model that improves A1C, blood pressure, lipids, depression, and satisfaction among patients with diabetes that can be used in primary care practice settings.
Data sources: Using a pre/post-test descriptive design, data were collected from 22 adult patients of a private family practice office. All patients had a diagnosis of diabetes and A1C of 7.5 or above. The participants consisted of over 70% of persons aged 50 or older who reported having diabetes for over 5 years. Eighty percent were female and 32% were African American. A1C, blood pressure, weight, lipids, depression, and satisfaction surveys were measured before and after the group visit series.
Conclusions: The mean reduction in A1C was 1.1 points (p = .009). Weight decreased by a mean of 3.01 pounds (p = .001), diastolic blood pressure improved by a mean of 5.76 mmHg (p = .002). The Beck Depression Inventory showed significant improvement (p = .045) in depression scores. The Seattle Outpatient Satisfaction Questionnaire showed improvement (p = .028).
Implications for practice: This model of care needs further testing, but preliminary data show it to be effective in improving clinical outcomes of patients with diabetes and realistic for nurse practitioner's to implement.
Keywords: Diabetes; SMARTTM board; diabetes type 2; group medical appointments; rural; shared medical appointment.
©2012 The Author(s) ©2012 American Association of Nurse Practitioners.