Lucid dreaming verified by volitional communication during REM sleep

Percept Mot Skills. 1981 Jun;52(3):727-32. doi: 10.2466/pms.1981.52.3.727.


The occurrence of lucid dreaming (dreaming while being conscious that one is dreaming) has been verified for 5 selected subjects who signaled that they knew they were dreaming while continuing to dream during unequivocal REM sleep. The signals consisted of particular dream actions having observable concomitants and were performed in accordance with pre-sleep agreement. The ability of proficient lucid dreamers to signal in this manner makes possible a new approach to dream research--such subjects, while lucid, could carry out diverse dream experiments marking the exact time of particular dream events, allowing derivation of of precise psychophysiological correlations and methodical testing of hypotheses.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Awareness*
  • Communication*
  • Dreams / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Polysomnography
  • Sleep, REM / physiology*
  • Volition