Coronary Heart Disease and Emotional Intelligence

Glob J Health Sci. 2013 Sep 23;5(6):156-65. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n6p156.

Abstract

Background: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is associated with emotions, especially negative ones, namely anxiety and depression. Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a psychological model that consists of a variety of emotional skills.

Aims: The aim of the present study was to examine the relation between different dimensions of Emotional Intelligence and coronary heart disease.

Methods: A total of 300 participants were studied during a 3-year period in an attempt to partially replicate and further expand a previous study conducted in Greece among CHD patients, which indicated a strong association between certain dimensions of Emotional Intelligence and the incidence of CHD. All participants completed a self-report questionnaire, assessing several aspects of Emotional Intelligence.

Findings: The results showed that there is a link between the regulation of emotions and the occurrence of CHD.

Conclusions: The evidence reported in the present study makes stronger the claim that EI plays a significant role in the occurrence of CHD.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease / psychology*
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Depression / psychology
  • Emotional Intelligence*
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Greece / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Marital Status
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors