Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome: rapid recognition and rapid intervention decrease the risk of mortality--a case study

Nephrol Nurs J. 2013 Jul-Aug;40(4):333-7; quiz 338.


Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome is a potentially fatal complication of hemodialysis that is often undetected and under-reported. Early recognition and intervention are essential to prevent the potential deadly effects of this disorder and improve outcomes for patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. Using a case study, this article discusses the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, prevention, and management of dialysis disequilibrium syndrome.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / mortality
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*