Radical-scavenging-linked antioxidant activities of extracts from black chokeberry and blueberry cultivated in Korea

Food Chem. 2014 Mar 1:146:71-7. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.035. Epub 2013 Sep 14.


The objective of this study was to investigate the radical-scavenging-linked antioxidant properties of the extracts from black chokeberry and blueberry cultivated in Korea. The 70% ethanol extracts were prepared from black chokeberry and blueberry, and evaluated for total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, total proanthocyanidin content, and antioxidative activities, using various in vitro assays, such as DPPH(2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), ABTS(2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylenebenzothiozoline-6-sulphonic acid)) radical-scavenging activity, FRAP(ferric-reducing antioxidant power) and reducing power. The major phenolic compounds, including cyanidin-3-galactoside, cyanidin-3-arabinoside, neochlorogenic acid, procyanidin B1, were analysed by HPLC with a photodiode array detector. Results showed that total phenol, flavonoid and proanthocyanidin contents of black chokeberry extract were higher than those of blueberry extract. In addition, black chokeberry extract exhibited higher free radical-scavenging activity and reducing power than did blueberry extract. Cyanidin-3-galactoside was identified as a major phenolic compound, with considerable content in black chokeberry, that correlated with its higher antioxidant and radical-scavenging effects. These results suggest that black chokeberry extracts could be considered as a good source of natural antioxidants and functional food ingredients.

Keywords: Antioxidant activities; Black chokeberry; Blueberry; Cultivars; Cyanidin-3-galactoside.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blueberry Plants / chemistry*
  • Free Radical Scavengers / chemistry*
  • Free Radicals / chemistry
  • Phenols / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry*
  • Prunus / chemistry*
  • Republic of Korea


  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Free Radicals
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts