Background: Congenital hemangiomas have been divided into 2 major subtypes based on clinical behavior: rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) and noninvoluting congenital hemangioma (NICH).
Objective: We describe a clinical subtype of congenital hemangioma that begins as a RICH but fails to completely involute and persists as a NICH-like lesion. We propose the term "partially involuting congenital hemangioma" for this lesion with overlapping features.
Methods: A review of the medical charts, serial clinical photographs, imaging, and biopsies performed on children with a diagnosis of partially involuting congenital hemangioma between 2001 and 2012 at Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine pediatric dermatology/vascular anomalies clinic was performed.
Results: Eight full-term, healthy infants presented at birth with vascular lesions typical of RICH. Affected locations included the head and neck, trunk, or extremities. Size varied from 2.0 × 1.5 cm to 13.0 × 8.5 cm. All had rapid involution during the first 12 to 30 months of life before stabilizing in size and appearance.
Limitations: Only a small number of cases were identified.
Conclusion: Partially involuting congenital hemangiomas are congenital hemangiomas with a distinct behavior, evolving from RICH to persistent NICH-like lesions. Their recognition and study will help us better understand whether RICH and NICH are indeed separate entities or simply part of a spectrum.
Keywords: infantile hemangioma; noninvoluting congenital hemangioma; partially involuting congenital hemangioma; rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma.
Copyright © 2013 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.